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Volume 24 , Issue 4
Fall 2010

Pages 373378

Two-year Natural Course of Anterior Disc Displacement with Reduction

Stanimira Kalaykova, DDS/Frank Lobbezoo, DDS, PhD/Machiel Naeije, PhD

PMID: 21197509

Aims: To test if the disappearance of clicking associated with anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDR) is related to a gradual loss of reducing capacity of the disc in the temporomandibular joint. Materials: Twenty-five ADDR subjects without and 30 ADDR subjects with intermittent locking participated in this 2-year follow-up study. Clinical examinations and mandibular movement recordings were performed at baseline and after 1 and 2 years. If mandibular movement recordings no longer showed signs of an ADDR, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the disc was carried out. Results: Mandibular movement recordings showed the moment of disc reduction (MDR) to be stable over the observation period in the subjects without intermittent locking (P = .95). In the subjects with intermittent locking, MDR had shifted to a later mouth opening (P = .000). In seven of these subjects, clicking had totally disappeared, usually without symptoms of permanent locking. On the MRI scans of these subjects, the disc displacement was still present, but with no, or only a partial, reduction. Conclusion: Intermittent locking may be indicative of the development of a disc displacement without reduction. This loss is only rarely accompanied by symptoms of permanent locking. J OROFAC PAIN 2010;24:373378

Key words: human, intermittent locking, mandibular movement recordings, MRI, temporomandibular joint

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