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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Publication:
Spring 1993
Volume 7 , Issue 2

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Association between malocclusion and temporomandibular disorder in orthodontic patients before treatment

Tanne/Tanaka/Sakuda

Pages: 156-162
PMID: 8358361

The association between malocclusion and the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) was studied in an orthodontic patient population before orthodontic treatment was started. A total of 305 patients, 232 with general malocclusion and 73 who also had cleft lip or palate, were given a questionnaire about the subjective symptoms of TMD. Clinical examinations for type of malocclusion and TMD signs were also conducted. No significant differences in the prevalence of TMD were observed between the sexes or between the two patient groups. Temporomandibular joint sounds and difficulty of jaw movement were the most common of the TMD signs and symptoms. Open bite, posterior crossbite, and deep bite were the most prevalent types of malocclusion in both groups. Thus, some specific types of malocclusion were significantly associated with the occurrence of TMD.

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