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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Publication:
Spring 1993
Volume 7 , Issue 2

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Screening for psychological problems in temporomandibular disorder patients

Oakley/McCreary/Flack/Clark

Pages: 143-149
PMID: 8358359

Research efforts have been directed to determine whether temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients have psychological problems and whether these factors influence treatment outcome. Because there is no consensus about the best way to quickly assess psychological problems in TMD patients, this study was designed to evaluate a simple method for identifying psychological factors that may need to be addressed as part of a comprehensive treatment program. This method involved having TMD patients systematically rate themselves, using a brief screening questionnaire, for the presence or absence of psychological problems. These ratings were then compared to results from extensive psychological testing. Sensitivity, specificity, and ordinal rank-based association model analyses showed moderate to strong associations between patients’ ratings and the corresponding psychometric measures. These results provide evidence that the brief self-ratings of psychological factors utilized in this study may be a useful first step to screening for psychological difficulties in TMD patients.

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