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Volume 7 , Issue 2
Spring 1993

Pages 143-149

Screening for psychological problems in temporomandibular disorder patients


PMID: 8358359

Research efforts have been directed to determine whether temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients have psychological problems and whether these factors influence treatment outcome. Because there is no consensus about the best way to quickly assess psychological problems in TMD patients, this study was designed to evaluate a simple method for identifying psychological factors that may need to be addressed as part of a comprehensive treatment program. This method involved having TMD patients systematically rate themselves, using a brief screening questionnaire, for the presence or absence of psychological problems. These ratings were then compared to results from extensive psychological testing. Sensitivity, specificity, and ordinal rank-based association model analyses showed moderate to strong associations between patients’ ratings and the corresponding psychometric measures. These results provide evidence that the brief self-ratings of psychological factors utilized in this study may be a useful first step to screening for psychological difficulties in TMD patients.

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