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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Publication:
Winter 1993
Volume 7 , Issue 1

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Management of craniomandibular disorders. Part 1: A craniocervical dysfunction index

Wallace/Klineberg

Pages: 83-88
PMID: 8467302

A craniocervical dysfunction index has been developed (based on the Helkimo Dysfunction Index) to comprehensively assess craniocervical dysfunction and to objectively monitor the management of patients who present with these clinical problems. The close functional interrelationship of temporomandibular joints, jaw muscles, and cervical joints and muscles is reviewed, and a mechanism is proposed to explain dysfunctional relationships between these structures. This is the first of three papers stemming from a clinical study that investigated craniomandibular disorders and assessed the effect of routine dental management on craniomandibular and craniocervical dysfunction.

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