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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Publication:
Winter 1993
Volume 7 , Issue 1

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Changes in subjective symptoms of craniomandibular disorders in children and adolescents during a 10-year period

Magnusson/Carlsson/Egermark

Pages: 76-82
PMID: 8467301

An epidemiologic sample of 293 subjects in three age groups, now 17, 21, and 25 years of age, were followed longitudinally with respect to symptoms of craniomandibular dysfunction during a 10-year period. Reports of one or more such symptoms increased in all three age groups during the 10 years. At the follow-up, 1 in 3 individuals in all three groups had noticed such symptoms occasionally and 10% had them frequently. Reports of oral parafunctions such as bruxing and clenching also increased, while other parafunctions such as nail, lip, cheek, and tongue biting increased from the age of 7 to 11 but then decreased with age. Despite the high incidence of subjective symptoms of craniomandibular disorders, only a few subjects had had any kind of functional treatment performed during the 10-year period, and only 7 had an actual demand for treatment at present.

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