Home Subscription Services

Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
OFPH Home Page
About the Editor
Editorial Board
Accepted Manuscripts
Author Guidelines
Submission Form
Reprints / Articles
Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Fall 1994
Volume 8 , Issue 4

Share Abstract:

Pain-pressure threshold in painful jaw muscles following trigger point injection


Pages: 384-390
PMID: 7670426

Pain and tenderness at trigger points and referral sites may be modified in subjects with myofascial pain in the head and neck region by injecting local anesthetic into active trigger points, but the effect of injection on jaw muscle pain-pressure thresholds has not been measured. The mechanism by which trigger-point injection affects muscle tenderness is also unclear and may be related to the hyper-stimulation analgesia induced by stimulation of an acupuncture point. A pressure algometer was used before and after an active trigger point injection in the masseter to measure the pain-pressure threshold in the masseter and temporal muscles of 10 subjects with jaw muscle pain of myogenous origin. The pain-pressure threshold in the masseter and temporal muscles was also measured in a matched control group before and after an acupuncture-point injection in the masseter. The pain-pressure threshold was significantly lower in myofascial pain subjects than in control subjects at all recording sites. Pain-pressure thresholds increased minimally in the masseter after trigger-point injection, whereas the temporal region was relatively unaffected. In the control group, the pain-pressure threshold increased significantly at all recording sites in the masseter after acupuncture-point injection. Although local anesthetic injection acts peripherally at the painful site and centrally where pain is sustained, pain-pressure thresholds were not dramatically increased in myofascial pain subjects, in contrast to controls. This suggests that in subjects with myofascial pain, there was continued excitability in peripheral tissues and/or central neural areas which may have contributed to the persistence of jaw muscle tenderness.

Full Text PDF File | Order Article


Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.
  © 2017 Quintessence Publishing Co Inc

Home | Subscription Services | Books | Journals | Multimedia | Events | Blog
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | About Us | Contact Us | Advertising | Help | Sitemap | Catalog