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Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Publication:
Winter 1996
Volume 10 , Issue 1

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Relationships between risk factors and treatment outcome in a group of patients with temporomandibular disorders

Krogstad/Jokstad/Dahl/Vasssend

Pages: 48-53
PMID: 8995916

The aim of this study was to compare somatic complaints, anxiety, and pain related to temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in a group of TMD patients who had high scores for headache and muscle palpation compared with that of a group of TMD patients who had low or medium scores for headache and palpation before and 2 years after conservative TMD treatment, consisting of counseling, muscle exercises, and a stabilization splint. The high-score group consisted of 23 patients who had headaches several times a week or daily and had more than three muscles graded as severly tender to palpation. The low/medium-score group comprised 28 patients who had headaches hardly ever, once or twice a month, or several times amonth, and with muscles graded as slightly or medium tender to palpation. The patients answered three questionnaires (McGill Pain Questionnaire {Norwegian version}, a somatic complaints questionnaire, and the trait part of Spielberger Stait Trait Anxiety Inventory) before and 2 years after treatment. The findings showed differences between the two groups concerning pain description, general muscle complaints, and anxiety both before and after the treatment, with the high-score group showing the highest values. In general, the treatment outcome had improved in the low/medium-score group but remained unchanged in the high-score group.

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