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Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Winter 1996
Volume 10 , Issue 1

Share Abstract:

The relationship of other joint problems and anterior disc position in symptomatic TMD patients and in asymptomatic volunteers


Pages: 15-20
PMID: 8995912

Anterior disc position has been highly correlated with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). It was hypothesized that internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint may be a part of a joint phenotype that imparts an increased risk for joint disorders. If this hypothesis is true, an increased prevalence of joint disorders in indibiduals diagnosed with displaced discs should be expected. A total of 263 symptomatic TMD patients and 82 asymptomatic volunteers was examined. Asymptomatic volunteers with anteriorly displaced discs were twice as likely as asymptomatic volunteers without disc displacements to report pain/dysfunction in other joints. Symptomatic patients with and without displaced discs reported an increase in other joint problems three or four times greater than in asymptomatic subjects. Compared to symptomatic TMD patients without disc displacement, symptomatic TMD patients with anteriorly displaced discs were also twice as likely to report other family members as being affected by TMD. Familial aggregation of TMD and an increased prevalence of other joint problems in these individuals may represent more than a serendipitous occurrence.

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