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Volume 11 , Issue 1
Winter 1997

Pages 15-23


Do Bruxism and Temporomandibular Disorders Have a Cause-and-Effect Relationship?

Lobbezoo/Lavigne


PMID: 10332307

Controversy continues to exist over the putative role of bruxism in the etiology of temporomandibular disorders. A commonly held concept is that bruxism leads to signs and symptoms characteristic of one or more of the subdiagnoses of temporomandibular disorders, while another hypothesis suggests that bruxism is a temporomandibular disorder itself that sometimes coexists with other forms of temporomandibular disorders. Following a thorough review of the literature in this article, it is concluded that the relationship between bruxism and temporomandibular disorders is still unclear. Future research should examine longitudinal epidemiologic and clinical/experimental data to establish or refutre a cuase-and-effect relationship. In doing so, the existence of various subgroups of temporomandibular disorders should be taken into account, bruxism should be discriminated from its daytime variant


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