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Volume 12 , Issue 4
Fall 1998

Pages 293-299


Systemic Health Consequences of Alloplastic Implants of the TMJ: A Pilot Study

Raphael/Marbach/Keller/Bartlett


PMID: 10425976

The aim of this study was to examine the relation between alloplastic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) implants and immune-associated systemic health problems. The authors compared 14 patients who received alloplastic TMJ implants with 31 TMJ patients who had never received surgery on the self-reported occurrence of symptoms and systemic disorders that are associated with problems of immunomodulation. Those with alloplastic jaw implants reported similar or lower rates of surveyed physical disorders than nonsurgical TMJ participants. When the rates were summed across symptom categories and physical disorders, implant participants had significantly fewer symptoms and disorders than nonsurgical participants (P < 0.01). This first report on systemic health problems in alloplastic TMJ implant patients found no evidence of elevated rates of systemic disorders that are associated with problems of immunomodulation.


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