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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Spring 2009
Volume 23 , Issue 2

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Temporomandibular Joint Disorders During HIV Infection: A Case Report

Paolo M. Fiorentino, DMD, MS, PhD, Maria G. Piancino, MD, DMD, PhD, Cesare Debernardi, MD, DMD, Nikolai Attard, DDS, MS, PhD

Pages: 174176
PMID: 19492542

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is a term reflecting chronic, painful, craniofacial conditions usually of unclear etiology with impaired jaw function. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients often report chronic pain and pathologies targeting body joints during retroviral therapy. Although both conditions may share similar secondary disorders, no conclusive cause-effect relationship has been found linking the TMD to the HIV-antiviral treatment. This report describes a case of TMD associated with HIV infection during active retroviral therapy. Clinicians should be aware that treatment of an HIV-infected patient with TMD requires an interdisciplinary team approach. J OROFAC PAIN 2009;23:174176.

Key words: human immunodeficiency virus, infection, pain, retroviral therapy, temporomandibular disorders, temporomandibular joint

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