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Volume 23 , Issue 2
Spring 2009

Pages 174176

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders During HIV Infection: A Case Report

Paolo M. Fiorentino, DMD, MS, PhD, Maria G. Piancino, MD, DMD, PhD, Cesare Debernardi, MD, DMD, Nikolai Attard, DDS, MS, PhD

PMID: 19492542

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is a term reflecting chronic, painful, craniofacial conditions usually of unclear etiology with impaired jaw function. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients often report chronic pain and pathologies targeting body joints during retroviral therapy. Although both conditions may share similar secondary disorders, no conclusive cause-effect relationship has been found linking the TMD to the HIV-antiviral treatment. This report describes a case of TMD associated with HIV infection during active retroviral therapy. Clinicians should be aware that treatment of an HIV-infected patient with TMD requires an interdisciplinary team approach. J OROFAC PAIN 2009;23:174176.

Key words: human immunodeficiency virus, infection, pain, retroviral therapy, temporomandibular disorders, temporomandibular joint

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