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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Publication:
Fall 2013
Volume 27 , Issue 4

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Isobolographic Analysis in Mice of the Interaction of Gabapentin and Nortriptyline in Relieving Orofacial Pain

Hugo F. Miranda, PhD/Viviana Noriega, PhD/Pilar Zanetta, PhD/Juan Carlos Prieto, MD

Pages: 361-366
DOI: 10.11607/jop.1167

Aims: To evaluate the nature of the antinociceptive interaction of systemic administration of a combination of the anticonvulsant gabapentin with the antidepressant nortriptyline, by isobolographic analysis in the formalin orofacial pain test of mice. Methods: The study was carried out in 168 male CF-1 mice weighing 30 g, and the protocol was to test each drug (at dosages of 1, 3, 10, 30, and 100 mg/kg of gabapentin and 0.1, 1, 3, 10, and 30 mg/kg of nortriptyline; ip) alone and in combination. The isobolographic assay has two phases: phase 1 corresponds to the 5-minute period starting immediately after the formalin injection and reflects a tonic acute pain due to peripheral nociceptor sensitization; phase 2 is recorded as the 10-minute period starting 20 minutes after the formalin injection and reflects an inflammatory pain state. Results were analyzed by Student t test for independent means. Results: Gabapentin was 1.61 times more potent in phase 2 than in phase 1, and nortriptyline 1.37 times more potent in phase 2 than in phase 1. The combination of both drugs was synergic, with an index of interaction of 0.134 and 0.148 for phase 1 and phase 2, respectively. Differences in the pharmacological profiles of gabapentin and nortriptyline could underlie the synergism of the two drugs. Conclusion: The findings of this study are important, because they are concordant with some clinical studies and also raise the possibility of potential clinical advantages of combining gabapentin and nortriptyline in pain management, since the low doses of the components may potentially have a lower incidence of adverse reactions. J Orofac Pain 2013;27:361366; doi: 10.11607/jop.1167

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