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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Publication:
Fall 2012
Volume 26 , Issue 4

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Women with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Experience Low Oral Health–Related Quality of Life

Britta Berglund, RN, PhD/Erik Björck, MD, PhD

Pages: 307-314
PMID: 23110270

Aims: To investigate the perceived impact of oral health–related quality of life problems in individuals with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Methods: Members of the Swedish Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Association completed the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Of the 250 participating individuals, 223 were women, and they were the main focus of the analyses. The results were compared with a previous study of the oral health impact on quality of life in the Swedish population. Statistical methods used for comparison were the Student t and chi-square tests. Results: The mean OHIP-14 value for the entire Ehlers-Danlos syndrome group was 11.1. The mean for women was 11.8, which was significantly higher than 6.8 of the comparison group. The OHIP-14 score varied among age groups, and the highest mean value was found in the age group between 56 and 65 years of age. The most statistically significant differences between the subjects with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and the comparison group were found for OHIP items 3, 4, and 8: “I have had pain in the mouth,” “I have had discomfort when eating,” and “I have been forced to interrupt meals.” Conclusion: It is well-known that Ehlers-Danlos syndrome has a considerable impact on healthrelated quality of life, and this study is the first to reveal that women with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome report a low oral health–related quality of life as measured with the OHIP-14. Dimensions that were particularly relevant were physical pain, psychologic discomfort, and handicap. J Orofac Pain 2012;26:307–314

Key words: disability, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, functional limitation, OHIP-14, oral health, quality of life

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