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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Publication:
Spring 2012
Volume 26 , Issue 2

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Conditioned Pain Modulation Evoked by a Mechanical Craniofacial Stimulus Is Not Influenced by Noxious Stimulation of the Temporomandibular Joint

Yuka Oono, DDS, PhD/Kelun Wang, DDS, PhD/Peter Svensson, DDS, PhD, Dr Odont/Lars Arendt-Nielsen, PhD, Dr Med Sci

Pages: 105-116
PMID: 22558610

Aims: To investigate the influence of noxious stimulation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) on conditioned pain modulation (CPM) and the possible influence of gender on such CPM effects in the craniofacial region of humans. Methods: Twenty healthy men and 20 healthy women participated in two sessions. Conditioning stimulation (CS) was standardized mechanical stimulation of pericranial muscles at a pain level of 5 on a 0 to 10 visual analog scale (VAS). Intra-articular electrical stimuli were applied to the left TMJ with an intensity around VAS = 5 (painful session). No electrical stimulation was applied in the control session. Pressure pain threshold (PPT) and pressure pain tolerance threshold (PPTol) were used as responses to pressure (test) stimuli and were assessed in the right masseter muscle and left forearm before and during TMJ stimulation in addition to the CS (during, immediately after, and 10 minutes after CS). PPT and PPTol were analyzed by multilevel analysis of variance. Results: The parameters were not dependent on gender, assessment site, or session, but were dependent on time (PPT, PPTol: P < .001) with session-time interactions (PPT: P < .001, PPTol: P = .002). CS triggered increases in PPT and PPTol (hypoalgesia) in both sessions and without significant differences between sessions or assessment sites during CS (painful session: 49.2 3.7%, control session: 46.0 3.4% for PPT and painful session: 17.7 3.2%, control session: 21.4 3.5% for PPTol). Conclusion: Acute noxious stimulation of the TMJ does not alter the magnitude of CPM effects on masseter muscle pain in either gender. It is suggested that deficiencies in CPM in persistent pain conditions are most likely more related to the duration of clinical pain than the pain per se. J OROFAC PAIN 2012;26:105116

Key words: conditioned pain modulation (CPM), experimental craniofacial pain, gender differences, human volunteers, trigeminal system

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