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Volume 26 , Issue 1
Winter 2012

Pages 2632

Topical Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Medications for Treatment of Temporomandibular Joint Degenerative Pain: A Systematic Review

Mireya Senye, DDS, MMSc/Carlos Flores Mir, DDS, PhD/Stephanie Morton, RPh, BSc Pharm/Norman M. R. Thie, BSc, MSc, DDS,MMSc

PMID: 22292137

Aims: To evaluate the efficacy of topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID) to relieve temporomandibular joint (TMJ) degenerative joint disease (DJD) pain.Methods: A search of the literature was made using electronic databases complemented with a manual search. Clinical trials comparing topical NSAID with either placebo or an alternative active treatment to treat TMJ DJD pain were identified. Outcomes evaluated were pain reduction/pain control and/or incidence of side effects. Results: A single study (double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial) with 20 patients was identified that evaluated the efficacy of a topically prepared NSAID over a 12-week duration, measuring functional pain intensity, voluntary and assisted mouth opening, pain disability index, and a brief pain inventory analysis. This study revealed a pain intensity decrease within treatment groups but no significant difference between treatment groups. Conclusion: Presently, there is insufficient evidence to support the use of topically applied NSAID medications to palliate TMJ DJD pain. J OROFAC PAIN 2012;26:2632

Key words: anti-inflammatories, osteoarthritis, systematic review, temporomandibular joint, topical nonsteroidal

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