Aims: To test the effect of glucosamine hydrochloride (glucosamine-
HCl) on the proteoglycan (PG) concentration of the
articular disc of non-arthritic temporomandibular joints (TMJs) in
rabbits. Methods: Twenty-four of 48 New Zealand white 10- to
12-week-old male rabbits (2.2 kg average) were injected with the
irritant chymopapain in the knee joint. Both groups of 24 rabbits
were divided into 3 groups of 8 animals. The rabbits were fed a
control diet or a diet supplemented with glucosamine-HCl incorporated
at a level to provide 20 mg/kg (approximating the recommended
dose 500 mg/tid/70 kg man) or 100 mg/kg, for 8 weeks.
Sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) were assayed in protease K
digests of the TMJ articular disc by dimethylmethylene blue
method to quantify PG concentration. The groups were compared
with 2-way analysis of variance. Results: Glucosamine-HCl did
not cause a significant change in the PG concentration of the TMJ
articular disc (P .8). There was also no detectable effect of chymopapain
injection to the knee joint on the TMJ (P .07) and no
interaction between glucosamine-HCl treatment and chymopapain
injection (P .3). Conclusion: Glucosamine-HCl has no effect on
PG concentration of the articular disc of non-arthritic TMJ in rabbits.
J OROFAC PAIN 2003;17:251–253.