Home Subscription Services
 
   

 
The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
OCTE Home Page
About the Editor
Editorial Board
Submit
Author Guidelines
Submission Form
Reprints / Articles
Permissions
Advertising
MEDLINE Search
 
 
 
 
 
FacebookTwitterYouTube
Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OCTE

 

Oral & Craniofacial Tissue Engineering

Edited by Ole T. Jensen, DDS, MS

Official Journal of the Tissue Engineering Society, the Chinese Society of Oral Biomedicine, and the Japanese Society of Regenerative Medicine

ISSN (print) 2158-3722 • ISSN (online) 2158-3706

Publication:
Oral & Craniofacial Tissue Engineering
Summer 2012
Volume 2 , Issue 2

Back
Share Abstract:

Ultraviolet Photofunctionalization of Titanium Implants

Takahiro Ogawa, DDS, PhD

Pages: 151158

In the face of growing demands and challenges in implant therapy, implant surfaces with improved biologic capabilities are required. This review paper summarizes the findings of recent in vitro and in vivo studies related to ultraviolet (UV) photofunctionalization of titanium. UV photofunctionalization is defined as an overall phenomenon of modification of titanium surfaces occuring after UV treatment, including the alteration of physicochemical properties and the enhancement of biologic capabilities. Bone morphogenesis around UV-treated titanium implants is distinctly improved compared with that seen around untreated control implants, leading to rapid and complete establishment of osseointegration with nearly 100% bone-to-implant contact in an animal model, as opposed to less than 55% for untreated implants. A series of in vitro studies demonstrated considerable enhancement of attachment, retention, and subsequent functional cascades of osteogenic cells derived from animals and humans after UV treatment. UV treatment converts titanium surfaces from hydrophobic to superhydrophilic and removes unavoidably contaminated hydrocarbons. UV-treated titanium surfaces also manifest a unique electrostatic status and act as direct cell attractants without the aid of ionic and organic bridges, which imparts a novel physicochemical functionality to titanium, which has long been understood as a bioinert material. UV treatment is simple and low in cost, and it has been proven effective for all types of titanium surfaces tested. These data suggest that UV photofunctionalization can be a novel, effective measure to improve implant therapy in the dental and orthopedic fields. Future research will focus on validating these findings in clinical studies. ORAL CRANIOFAC TISSUE ENG 2012;2:151158

Key words: bioactivity, biologic aging, bone-titanium integration, hydrocarbon, osseointegration, superhydrophilic, ultraviolet treatment

Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.
  © 2014 Quintessence Publishing Co Inc
 

Home | Subscription Services | Books | Journals | Multimedia | Events | Blog
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | About Us | Contact Us | Advertising | Help | Sitemap | Catalog