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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OBM


Oral Biosciences & Medicine

Edited by Birgitte Nauntofte, Jesper Reibel. Peter A. Reichart, Jim Sciubba, and Joanna M. Zakrzewska

Official publication of the European Society for Oral Laser Applications

ISSN 1742-3287

Oral Biosciences & Medicine

Year 2004
Volume 1 , Issue 2

Pages: 145 - 148

Maxillary Osteonecrosis in Visceral Leishmaniasis: a Case Report

Giuseppe Colella / Carlo Borriello / Crispian Scully

Visceral Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne systemic parasitic infection found in many areas of the world. Typically, Leishmaniasis manifests with fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and pancytopenia. Oral lesions are uncommon. Definitive diagnosis still relies on the demonstration of the Leishmania parasite in tissues, although molecular methods appear promising as a non-invasive diagnostic tool. Pentavalent antimonial compounds remain the mainstay of treatment worldwide, but lipid formulations of amphotericin B, and more recently miltefosine, an oral active agent, have been introduced as antileishmanial treatment. We report a patient with visceral Leishmaniasis, who presented with the rare complication of maxillary osteonecrosis.

Key words:
oral, Leishmaniasis, bone, tropical infection


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