Lichen planus (LP) is a common oral disorder, reviewed at an international meeting between the American Academy of Oral Medicine (AAOM) and International Federation of Oral Medicine (IFOM) in Montreal, Canada in 2001. This paper is a summary of the proceedings of that meeting.
Oral LP is of uncertain etiopathogenesis. Diagnosis is mainly on clinical grounds. Since there is still no conclusive evidence relevant to the etiology, therapy has traditionally attempted to suppress symptoms rather than to address the basic issues of susceptibility and prevention.
Symptomatic relief can be achieved in the majority of patients with topical corticosteroids alone, or other immunomodulatory topical agents, or combinations. Only infrequently do patients require the prolonged use of intralesional or systemic medications to control the disease process.
lichen planus, oral, etiopathogenesis, diagnosis