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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: JOLA

 

The Journal of Oral Laser Applications

Edited by Prof Dr Andreas Moritz and Prof G. Lynn Powell

Official publication of the European Society for Oral Laser Applications

ISSN (print) 1473-7809 • ISSN (online) 1867-5611

Publication:
JOLA
Winter 2004
Volume 4 , Issue 4

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Nd:YAG Diodium Laser used in Dental Surgery

Schmid, Karl Udo

When clinically confronted with the problem of generalized periodontitis with advanced inflammation of the periodontium, and destruction and profound loss of the anchoring tissue combined with tooth mobility, laser-supported implants with an immediately loaded prosthesis is a fast treatment with great patient compliance. For dental surgery, it is possible to use a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser with a fiber-based system. The high pulse rate of 500 pulses per second leads to an effective interaction in tissue. The diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser with a wavelength of 1064 nm is a Diodium Laser available from Weil-Dental, a system which chiefly works in contact mode. The advantages are the nearly universal applicability in dentistry, and flexibility as a result of the small, light box. Using the fiber system in contact mode, it is possible to exactly place tissue marks through small, pre-implant drill holes in the prosthesis, to precisely locate the later implant position. Around these tissue marks, laser ablation to the bone yields a nearly bloodless operation field, sterility, and excellent visibility for pilot drilling.

Keywords: implant, Nd:YAG laser, diodium laser, prosthesis

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