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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: JOLA

 

The Journal of Oral Laser Applications

Edited by Prof Dr Andreas Moritz and Prof G. Lynn Powell

Official publication of the European Society for Oral Laser Applications

ISSN (print) 1473-7809 • ISSN (online) 1867-5611

Publication:
JOLA
Spring 2004
Volume 4 , Issue 1

Pages: 55-63
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Lasers as an Adjunct to Scaling and Root Planing

Shafik, Sami S./Kheir, Ahmad O.

Since the development of lasers in 1960, the use of these instruments has become more popular in medicine and dentistry. All lasers consist of a laser medium, an optical cavity, and a source of energy to pump the laser medium. The laser medium can be in the form of: a gas, eg, carbon dioxide (CO2), argon, or helium-neon (He-Ne); a liquid (eg, a dye); a solid, eg, yttrium-aluminum-garnet bar doped with neodymium (Nd:YAG), holmium (Ho:YAG) or erbium (Er:YAG); or a semiconductor, eg, gallium-aluminum arsenide (Ga-Al-As). The laser beam can be transformed to radiant energy that can be focused to a very small spot size to yield the enormous power densities which are necessary for the cutting, vaporizing and coagulating effects of lasers. This paper presents a review of the literature for potential laser applications in periodontics.

Keywords: soft laser, hard laser, scaling, root planing, root surface treatment

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