This article presents an overview of the current knowledge in conventional and laser-assisted pulp capping, based on different research records. The pulp capping technique is mainly based on the healing ability of pulp tissue. The most obvious reparatory response of the pulp lesion is the formation of tertiary dentin. Moreover, this paper outlines the use of different laser wavelengths in order to improve the outcomes of pulp capping. Laser therapy has proven its effectiveness in pulp capping and vital pulpotomy by its capacity to stimulate the repair dentin formation by the pulp tissue, its ability to decontaminate irradiated surfaces, as well as its pain reducing effect. Three clinical cases are also presented.
Keywords: pulp capping, laser, conventional treatment, tertiary dentin