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International Journal of Computerized Dentistry

Year 1999
Volume 2 , Issue 2

Pages: 113 - 127

Computer Copings for Partial Coverage

Denissen/van der Zel/Reisig/Vlaar/de Ruiter/van Waas

Partial coverage posterior tooth preparations are very complex surfaces for computer surface digitization, computer design, and manufacture of ceramic copings. The aim of this study was therefore to determine whether the Computer Integrated Crown Reconstruction (Cicero) system was compatible with a proposed partial coverage preparation design and capable of producing ceramic copings. Posterior teeth were prepared for partial coverage copings with deep gingival chamfers in the proximal boxes and around the functional cusps (buccal of mandibular and lingual of maxillay posterior teeth). The nonfunctional cusps (lingual of mandibular and buccal of maxillary posterior teeth) were prepared with broad bevels following the inclined occlusal plane pattern. Optical impressions were taken of stone dies by means of a fast laser-line scanning method that measured the three-dimensional geometry of the partial coverage preparation. Computers digitized the images, and designed and produced the ceramic copings. The Cicero system digitized the partial coverage preparation surfaces precisely with a minor coefficient of variance of 0.2%. The accuracy of the surface digitization, the design, and the computer aided milling showed that the system was capable of producing partial coverage copings with a mean marginal gap of 74 um. This value was obtained before optimizing the marginal fit by means of porcelain veneering. In summary, Cicero computer technology, ie, surface digitization, coping design, and manufacture, was compatible with the described partial coverage preparations for posterior teeth.


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