Home Subscription Services
 
   

 
International Journal of Computerized
JCD Home Page
About the Editor
Editorial Board
Author Guidelines
Submission Form
Reprints / Articles
Permissions
Advertising
MEDLINE Search
Official Site
 
 
 
 
 
FacebookTwitter
Quintessence Publishing: Journals: JCD

 

International Journal of Computerized Dentistry

Edited by B. Reiss, K. Wiedhahn, and O. Schenk

Official publication of the International Society of Computerized Dentistry

ISSN 1463-4201

Publication:

Spring 2007
Volume 10 , Issue 1

Back
Share Abstract:

Computer-aided Analysis of the Biomechanics of Tooth Movements

Bourauel, C. / Keilig, L. / Rahimi, A. / Reimann, S. / Ziegler, A. / Jäger, A.

Pages: 25 - 40

Orthodontic biomechanics started in the early 1960s with the work of Burstone and later Nikolai. Experimental and theoretical studies using finite element methods (FEM) focused on the determination of the position of the center of resistance of single and multi-rooted teeth. Due to the complex structure of the system tooth/ periodontal ligament/ alveolar bone and because of the limited power of computers, the first numerical models were quite simple. Improved FE software, sophisticated programs for model generation and the explosion of computer power in the last decade resulted in more complex tooth-periodontium models and model assumptions. This paper describes the application of finite element methods in orthodontic biomechanics with the help of several typical examples. The examples cover aspects from basic orthodontic biomechanics to possible future applications in treatment planning using bone remodelling theories: determination of the mechanical properties of the periodontal ligament in a combined numerical and experimental study, calculation of the centers of resistance of different teeth, and simulation of orthodontic tooth movements. The examples show that nowadays finite element methods are a useful and easy-to-handle tool for the solution of a larger number of structure-mechanical and biomechanical problems. Nevertheless, in spite of the enormous technical progress in the last decade, many problems in orthodontic biomechanics remain to be solved. Keywords: orthodontics, biomechanics, finite element methods, center of resistance, bone remodelling theories, laser scanning, geometry reconstruction, surface matching

Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
  © 2014 Quintessence Publishing Co Inc
 

Home | Subscription Services | Books | Journals | Multimedia | Events | Blog
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | About Us | Contact Us | Advertising | Help | Sitemap | Catalog