A non-invasive 4D imaging system that produces high resolution time-based 3D surface data has been developed to capture jaw motion. Fluorescent microspheres are brushed onto both tooth and soft-tissue areas of the upper and lower arches to be imaged. An extraoral hand-held imaging device, operated about 12 cm from the mouth, captures a timebased set of perspective image triplets of the patch areas. Each triplet, containing both upper and lower arch data, is converted to a high-resolution 3D point mesh using photogrammetry, providing the instantaneous relative jaw position. Eight 3D positions per second are captured. Using one of the 3D frames as a reference, a 4D model can be constructed to describe the incremental free body motion of the mandible. The surface data produced by this system can be registered to conventional 3D models of the dentition, allowing them to be animated. Applications include integration into prosthetic CAD and CBCT data.
Keywords: jaw tracking, 4D imaging, photogrammetry, CAD, fluorescent