Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of prolonged polymerization times on the microtensile resin-dentin bond strength (μTBS), degree of conversion of adhesive films (DC) and silver nitrate uptake (SNU) for an ethanol/water- (Adper Single Bond 2, [SB]) and an acetone-based (One Step Plus, [OS]) etch-and-rinse adhesive. Materials and Methods: Thirty caries-free extracted molars were included in this study. The occlusal enamel of all teeth was removed by wet grinding the occlusal enamel on 180-grit SiC paper. Adhesives were applied according to the manufacturer’s instructions, but they were light cured for 10, 20 and 40 s at 600mW/cm2. Bonded sticks (0.6 mm2) were tested in tension (0.5 mm/min). Two bonded sticks from each tooth were immersed in an ammoniacal solution of silver nitrate (24 h), photodeveloped (8 h), and analyzed by SEM. The DC of the adhesives was evaluated under Fourier Transformed Infra-Red spectroscopy (FTIR). Data for each property were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (α = 0.05). Results: Statistically higher μTBS and DC were observed for SB and OS when both adhesives were light cured for 40 s in comparison with 10 s. For OS, the μTBS in the 20- and 40-s groups did not differ statistically, while for SB it did. Higher prolonged exposure times did not prevent nanoleakage within the hybrid layer for all groups regardless of the adhesive. Conclusion: This study supports the hypothesis that exposure times longer than those recommended can improve the degree of conversion of adhesive films and the immediate resin-dentin bonds. The prolonged curing times (20 and 40 s) for polymerization of simplified adhesives resulted in an increase in the degree of conversion of the adhesive films and resin-dentin bond strengths but did not reduce the nanoleakage within the hybrid layer.
Keywords: dentin adhesives, bond strength, degree of conversion, exposure time