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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: JAD


The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Roland Frankenberger, Prof. Bart Van Meerbeek

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988


Winter 2000
Volume 2 , Issue 4

Pages: 297-304
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Influence of Different Acid Conditioners on the Tensile Bond Strength of 4-META/MMA-TBB Resin to Er:YAG Laser-Irradiated Bovine Dentin.

Kameyama, Atsushi; Kawada, Eiji; Takizawa, Masakazu; Oda, Yutaka; Hirai, Yoshito

Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of acid conditioners on resin bonding to dentin following irradiation with an Er:YAG laser and investigated the characteristics of resin bonding to the laser-treated dentin. Materials and Methods: Extracted bovine teeth were cervically sectioned to expose a dentin surface. After polishing, the dentin was irradiated with an Er:YAG laser. Aqueous solutions of 10% citric acid (10-0) or 10% citric acid/3% ferric chloride (10-3) were then applied to the laser-treated surface as acid conditioners. After the acid treatment, a PMMA rod was bonded to the irradiated dentin using 4-META/MMA-TBB resin, and miniaturized dumbbell-shaped bonded specimens were prepared. These specimens were subjected to tensile testing, and fractured surfaces were observed with field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) to determine the mode of fracture. Additionally, the resin-dentin interfaces were observed under FE-SEM. Results: The tensile bond strength of acid-conditioned bonded specimens was lower than that of specimens not subjected to acid treatment (11.1 MPa) in the laser-irradiated group. No significant difference was observed between 10-0 and 10-3 treatments. 10-3 treatment yielded the highest bond strength (24.6 MPa) in the nonirradiated group, as opposed to only 7.7 MPa in the laser-treated group. Cohesive failure in the dentin was observed in almost all specimens in the irradiated group. Furthermore, a 10- to 30-Ám-thick resin-penetrated layer was observed at the interface between the dentin and the resin. Conclusion: These results suggest that the effect of acid conditioners on resin bonding to dentin differs according to whether the dentin has been laser irradiated or not.

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