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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: JAD


The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Roland Frankenberger, Prof. Bart Van Meerbeek

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988


Fall 2001
Volume 3 , Issue 3

Pages: 265-272
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Effect of Air Abrasion and Resin Composite on Microleakage of Class V Restorations Bonded with Self-etching Primers.

Hannig, Matthias; Baiping Fu

Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the effect of air-abrasion pretreatment on microleakage of Class V resin composite restorations bonded with self-etching primers. Materials and Methods: A total of 54 Class V cavities prepared either with diamond burs or air abrasion (KCP 1000) was restored with resin composites using adhesive systems with self-etching priming agents (Clearfil Liner Bond 2 or Resulcin AquaPrime + Monobond) and thermocycled 2,500 times. The degree of dye penetration (0.5% methylene blue solution) was scored on an ordinal scale at 25X magnification on longitudinally cut sections of the specimens. Wall adaptation at the tooth-restoration interfaces was evaluated under a SEM using replicas of the sectioned teeth. Results: Severe microleakage occurred at the gingival dentinal margins, and less microleakage was detected at the enamel cavity margins. Nonparametrical statistical analysis (H-test) demonstrated no significant differences in microleakage among the different groups. Comparison of dye penetration data and SEM findings showed that with both self-etching priming agents, microleakage occurred in the absence of gaps. Conclusion: Use of air abrasion in combination with self-etching priming agents cannot prevent microleakage at the dentin-resin interface of Class V resin composite restorations.

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