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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: JAD


The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Jean-François Roulet

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988


Summer 2001
Volume 3 , Issue 2

Pages: 177-183
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The Effects of Bonding System and Light Curing Method on Reducing Stress of Different C-factor Cavities

Yoshikawa, Takako; Burrow, Michael F.; Tagami, Junji

Purpose: The effect of the slow-start curing method on the marginal sealing and cavity wall adaptation on resin composite restorations with different C-factors was evaluated. Methods: Cylindrical cavities, 1 mm deep and 3 mm in diameter (C-factor = 2.3) or 2 mm in diameter (C-factor = 3) were prepared on flat superficial bovine dentin surfaces. The teeth were restored with Clearfil Photo Bond, Clearfil Liner Bond 2 or Super-Bond D Liner adhesive systems followed by Photo Clearfil Bright composite. The resins were cured with a conventional method using 600 mW/cm² (tip-to-resin distance 0 mm) for 60 s, or the slow-start curing method of 270 mW/cm² (tip-to-resin distance 10 mm) for 10 s, followed by a 5-s interval, then 50 s at 600 mW/cm². After thermocycling, a dye penetration test was carried out. The dye penetration length was calculated as a percentage of the total cavity wall length. Results: Cavity-wall gap formation increased when the C-factor increased from 2.3 to 3, except in one material, Super-Bond D Liner, which showed good marginal sealing and resin composite adaptation to the cavity wall regardless of light curing method and C-factor. Conclusion: It is necessary to take care when a cavity with a high C-factor is to be restored with resin composite. The combination of a flexible adhesive and the slow-start curing method would seem to be effective in reducing polymerization contraction stress for large C-factor cavities.

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