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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Roland Frankenberger, Prof. Bart Van Meerbeek

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988


Fall 2002
Volume 4 , Issue 3

Pages: 181-189
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Morphological and Chemical Characterization of the Dentin/Resin Cement Interface Produced with a Self-etching Primer

Walker, Mary P./Wang, Yong/Spencer, Paulette

The purpose of this study was to analyze a resin cement/dentin interface by comparing the diffusion of a resin cement into dentin surfaces pretreated with a self-etching primer with or without pretreatment by conventional acid etching. Dentin surfaces of 8 unerupted human third molars were treated with a self-etch primer (Panavia 21) with or without conventional phosphoric acid pretreatment. Panavia 21 resin cement was applied according to manufacturer’s instructions. Dentin/resin cement interface sections from each tooth were examined with scanning electron microscopy and micro-Raman spectroscopy. When the self-etch primer was used following conventional acid pretreatment, the resin cement did not penetrate to the depth of the zone of demineralized dentin, leaving a substantial area of exposed dentin matrix at the dentin/cement interface. In contrast, there was substantial resin cement diffusion throughout the demineralized dentin when the self-etch primer was used without acid etching pretreatment. The in vitro evaluation of resin cement penetration throughout the zone of demineralized dentin is an important step in identifying sites of exposed dentin matrix that may promote postoperative sensitivity and may leave the dentin/resin cement interface vulnerable to premature degradation under clinical conditions. In this study, the self-etch primer used alone produced substantial resin cement penetration and left no exposed dentin matrix at the dentin/resin cement interface.

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