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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: JAD

 

The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Jean-François Roulet

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988

Publication:

Fall 2003
Volume 5 , Issue 3



Pages: 175-182
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Effect of Bleaching on Fracture Toughness of Composite-Dentin-Bonds

Far, C. / Ruse, N. D.

The effect of carbamide peroxide concentration and length of exposure on fracture toughness (KIC) of existing composite-dentin interfaces was assessed using the notchless triangular prism (NTP) specimen KIC test. Freshly extracted human molars and premolars were wet ground on 600-grit SiC to obtain 4 x 4 x 4 x 4 mm triangular prisms, exposing buccal or lingual dentin. Dentin surfaces were bonded using a resin composite (Z-250, 3M) and SingleBond dentin bonding system (3M) to obtain 180 8-mm-long dentin-composite NTP specimens. The bonding system was applied using the wet-bonding technique. The bonded specimens were randomly assigned to 20 groups. The effect of exposure to three control solutions (tap water, Carbopol, and Carbopol-urea) and to four concentrations (11%, 13%, 16%, 21%) of carbamide peroxide (Perfecta, Premier) was assessed. Testing was conducted after 1, 2, and 3 weeks representing a cumulative exposure of 14, 42, and 70 h. The maximum force recorded before fracture was used to calculate KIC. The data were statistically analysed using two-factor ANOVA followed by one-way ANOVA and Bonferroni multiple means comparisons. Selected fractured surfaces were characterized using SEM. Data analysis revealed that cumulative exposure to bleaching agent for 70 h significantly (p < 0.01) decreased the interfacial KIC, regardless of concentration. For the 16% and 21% concentrations, a significant reduction was observed after 42 h. The results suggest that bleaching could adversely affect the interfacial fracture toughness of dentin-resin composite adhesive interfaces.

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