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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Roland Frankenberger, Prof. Bart Van Meerbeek

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988


Spring 2003
Volume 5 , Issue 1

Pages: 71-77
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Contraction Stress of Composite Resin Build-up Procedures for Pulpless Molars

Kuroe, Toshifumi/Tachibana, Kana/Tanino, Yukinori/Satoh, Noriyuki/Ohata, Noboru/Sano, Hidehiko/Inoue, Nobuo/Caputo, Angelo A.

The purpose of this study was to photoelastically evaluate contraction stresses associated with various resin composite build-up procedures for pulpless molars. Photoelastic models of endodontically treated mandibular molars were fabricated to simulate a preparation for a full-cast crown. The model configuration included three lateral walls, but no post space. The buildups were made with dual-curing resin composite using the following procedures: 1) bulk dual cure, 2) bulk chemical cure, 3) horizontal two increments, dual cure, and 4) indirect. Five specimens were fabricated for each condition. The stresses developed in the models were recorded photographically in the field of a circular polariscope. The build-up procedures tested generated widely different stress distributions and intensities. The highest stresses were seen with the bulk dual-cure method. The slower polymerization chemical-cure group developed distributions similar to the bulk dual-cure group with a significantly lower fringe order. The two horizontal increments dual-cure techniques developed an individual group of fringes for each layer. Compared with the bulk dual-cure group, stresses around the occlusal margin were reduced by incrementalization, while fringes were more closely spaced at the line angles with a slightly lower fringe order. The indirect method demonstrated the lowest stress which extended over the smallest area. Contraction stress in resin composite buildups varied significantly depending upon the procedures of fabrication. The bulk dual-cure method developed the most severe contraction stresses, while the indirect technique resulted in significantly lower contraction stresses than the other techniques tested.

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