The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of ceramic inlays and onlays made with two systems: sintered (Duceram [D], DeguDent) and pressable (IPS Empress [IPS], Ivoclar-Vivadent) after 1 year. Seventy-four restorations - 37 IPS and 37 D - were cemented in 34 patients. Twenty-four premolars and 50 molars received Class II cavity preparations, totaling 28 onlays and 46 inlays. The restorations were evaluated by two independent investigators at baseline, 6 months, and 1 year, according to modified USPHS criteria. Fisher and McNemar statistical tests were employed to assess the survival rate. After one year, 100% of the restorations were assessed and all the restorations were considered clinically excellent or acceptable. Among the analyzed criteria, only the following received Bravo ratings: marginal discoloration: IPS (24.32%), D (13.51%); marginal integrity: IPS (10.81%), D (8.11%); color match: IPS (5.41%), D (5.41%); surface texture: IPS (2.70%), D (10.81%). No Charlie or Delta scores were given to the restorations. Among the analyzed criteria, only marginal discoloration differed statistically significantly from the results of the baseline examination for IPS Empress ceramic restorations (p = 0.008). No significant differences were found between the two ceramics. The two ceramic systems demonstrated excellent clinical performance after a period of 1 year.
Keywords: ceramic, onlays, inlays, clinical study