To analyze the influence of two placement techniques and two adhesive systems on the marginal microleakage of Class II resin-based composite restorations using different resin composite materials. Two hundred standardized Class II cavities (5 mm x 3 mm x 1.5 mm) were cut in human premolars and restored using five resin composite materials (A.L.E.R.T.-AL, Solitaire-SO, SureFil-SU, Filtek A110-A, and Z100-Z), two adhesive systems (Bond 1-B1 and Etch & Prime 3.0-EP), and two placement techniques (incremental or bulk). Specimens were thermocycled (700 cycles, 5° - 55°C, 1 min dwell time), immersed in 0.5% methylene blue solution for 4 h, and sectioned longitudinally to evaluate the extent of microleakage. Data were submitted to statistical analysis using the Kruskal-Wallis test. It was observed that both adhesive systems presented similar results (p > 0.05), and neither achieved complete marginal sealing. The bulk placement technique led to greater microleakage than the incremental technique (p < 0.001). Restorations prepared using SO resin composite showed greater microleakage than those performed using Z or AL materials. However, SO obtained similar values of microleakage when compared to SU and A materials. The use of incremental placement technique resulted in less microleakage for Class II resin-based composite restorations. No difference was observed among adhesive systems regarding prevention of marginal dye penetration. Furthermore, the type of resin composite material employed for restoration may have an influence on the extent of microleakage.
Keywords: dental materials, resin composite, adhesives, microleakage