Purpose: To assess the effect of the composite surface conditioning on the microtensile bond strength of a resin cement to a composite used for inlay/onlay restorations. Materials and Methods: Forty-two blocks (6 x 6 x 4 mm) of a microfilled composite (Vita VMLC) were produced and divided into 3 groups (N = 14) by composite surface conditioning methods: Gr1 – etching with 37% phosphoric acid, washing, drying, silanization; Gr2 – air abrasion with 50-Ìm Al2O3 particles, silanization; Gr3 – chairside tribochemical silica coating (CoJet System), silanization. Single-Bond (one-step adhesive) was applied on the conditioned surfaces and the two resin blocks treated with the same method were cemented using RelyX ARC (dual-curing resin cement). The specimens were stored for 7 days in water at 37°C and then sectioned to produce nontrimmed beam samples, which were submitted to microtensile bond strength testing (μTBS). For statistical analysis (one-way ANOVA and Tukeys test, · = 0.05), the means of the beam samples from each luted specimen were calculated (n = 7). Results: μTBS values (MPa) of Gr2 (62.0 ± 3.9a) and Gr3 (60.5 ± 7.9a) were statistically similar to each other and higher than Gr1 (38.2 ± 8.9b). The analysis of the fractured surfaces revealed that all failures occurred at the adhesive zone. Conclusion: Conditioning methods with 50-Ìm Al2O3 or tribochemical silica coating allowed bonding between resin and composite that was statistically similar and stronger than conditioning with acid etching.
Keywords: composite, inlay, surface conditioning, microtensile bond strength, tribochemical silica coating