Purpose: To evaluate the fracture resistance (FR) and bond strength (BS) after mechanical fatigue (MF) of flared root canals restored with different restorative techniques for fiber post cementation.
Materials and Methods: The root canals of 84 single-rooted premolars were endodontically treated and prepared in order to simulate an oversized root canal, except for the positive control group (PC), in which a prefabricated fiber post (PFP) with a diameter compatible with the post cavity was cemented. In the oversized root canals, alternative restorative techniques for post cementation were tested, as follows: NC: negative control (PFP with a diameter smaller than that of the root canal); AP: PFP + accessory posts; RR: root reinforcement with composite resin; DAP: direct anatomical post; IAP: indirect anatomical post. After the luting procedures using Excite DSC and Variolink II, indirect composite crowns were cemented on composite resin cores and the specimens were mechanically fatigued (1.2 x 106 cycles, 40 N). From each group, 8 specimens were subjected to the push-out BS test and the others 6 specimens to the FR test. For both tests, the data were subjected to ANOVA and Scheffes tests (α = 0.05).
Results: In terms of FR, all alternative techniques showed intermediate performance, being similar to both control groups. In terms of BS, only the groups DAP and IAP were similar to the well-adapted condition (positive control group).
Conclusion: The use of DAP and IAP should be the first choice for fiber post cementation in oversized root canals.
Keywords: bond strength, fiber posts, fracture resistance, resin cements, root dentin, weakened roots