Purpose: To examine the influence of 11.5% polyacrylic acid pretreatment on the interface and bond strength of self-adhesive resin cements (Maxcem Elite, RelyX Unicem, SeT) to dentin.
Materials and Methods: Fifty-six third molars were randomly divided into seven groups: RelyX ARC as control (ARC), RelyX Unicem (RLXU), Maxcem Elite (MCE), SeT (ST), polyacrylic acid+RelyX Unicem (RLXU-P), polyacrylic acid+Maxcem Elite (MCE-P), and polyacrylic acid+SeT (ST-P). Resin composite blocks were luted to flat dentin. After storage in distilled water for 24 h, sticks with a cross-sectional area of ca 0.80 mm2 were obtained (n = 24 per group) and submitted to a microtensile bond strength (µTBS) test in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Two sets from each group were sectioned mesiodistally in the center of the crown and observed with a scanning electron microscope at 4000X magnification.
Results: The mean results of the µTBS test (MPa) followed by the same letter do not differ statistically significantly according to ANOVA and Tukey’s post-hoc test (p < 0.05): ARC = 24.19 (± 6.90)a, RLXU-P = 23.12 (± 6.18)a, MCE-P = 13.09 (± 5.87)b, RLXU = 10.23 (± 2.88)b,c, and MCE = 8.14 (± 4.63)c. All SeT specimens failed during the cutting procedure. The hybrid layer was not observed for the self-adhesive resin cements, and resin tags were observed for RelyX Unicem and Maxem Elite when dentin was pretreated with polyacrylic acid.
Conclusion: Pretreatment with 11.5% polyacrylic acid was effective for bonding RelyX Unicem and Maxcem Elite to dentin.
Keywords: dentin, bond strength, resin cement, polyacrylic acid, self-adhesive resin cement