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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Jean-François Roulet

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988

Publication:

November/December 2012
Volume 14 , Issue 6



Pages: 507 - 509
PMID: 23240109
DOI: 10.3290/j.jad.a28625
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Does the Ultrasonic Cleaning Medium Affect the Adhesion of Resin Cement to Feldspathic Ceramic?

Martins, Maria Elizabeth Marques Nogueira / Leite, Fabíola Pessoa Pereira / Queiroz, José Renato Cavalcanti / Vanderlei, Aleska Dias / Reskalla, Helcio Nagib Jose Feres / Özcan, Mutlu

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of different cleaning media on the adhesion of resin cement to feldspathic ceramic after etching.
Materials and Methods: The cementation surfaces of ceramic blocks (N = 20, n = 5 per group) were etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid (HF) gel for 20 s and rinsed for 60 s. They were then randomly assigned to 4 groups: G1: air-water spray+drying (control); G2: ultrasonic cleaning in distilled water for 4 min+drying; G3: ultrasonic cleaning in 99.5% acetone for 4 min+drying; G4: ultrasonic cleaning in 70% alcohol for 4 min+drying. The ceramic blocks were silanized and cemented (RelyX ARC) to the composite blocks. Subsequently, the microtensile bond strength test (µTBS) was performed. In addition, EDS analysis was made to assess the elemental composition of the conditioned and cleaned ceramic surfaces.
Results: A significantly higher mean µTBS was obtained when specimens had been ultrasonically cleaned in distilled water (G2: 18.8 ± 0.4 MPa) (p < 0.05) compared to other groups (G1: 16.6 ± 0.5; G3: 16.1 ± 0.9; G4: 15.8 ± 1.4) (one-way ANOVA). EDS analysis indicated the presence of F- only in G1. Dissolved precipitates after HF etching were removed by ultrasonic cleaning.
Conclusion: Cleaning the HF-etched ceramic surface ultrasonically in distilled water is recommended, instead of rinsing it with air-water spray only.

Keywords: adhesion, cementation, dental materials, microtensile bond strength, ultrasonic cleaning

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