Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of chlorhexidine (CHX) incorporation into experimental dentin adhesives with different hydrophilicities on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) to dentin.
Materials and Methods: Flat, deep dentin surfaces were prepared from 60 extracted human third molars. Three ethanol-solvated (50 wt% ethanol/50 wt% comonomers) experimental adhesives with varying degrees of hydrophilicity were prepared for the CHX-free groups. For the CHX-containing groups, chlorhexidine diacetate was further added to the ethanol-solvated adhesives to form a concentration of 2.0 wt% CHX. Dentin surfaces were etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 15 s, rinsed and blot dried before bonding. The adhesives were generously applied to dentin with a microbrush for 15 s. A second application of fresh adhesive was made and light cured for 20 s (600 mW/cm2) after solvent evaporation. Composite buildups were made using Filtek Z250 (3M ESPE). The bonded teeth were sectioned into 0.9 mm x 0.9 mm beams and stressed to failure at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Testing was performed 24 h after specimen preparation and 12 months after storage in artificial saliva. The µTBS data were analyzed using three-way ANOVA and Tukeys multiple comparison tests. Fractographic analysis was performed by SEM.
Results: Significant differences were observed for the three factors adhesive hydrophilicity (p < 0.001), CHX incorporation (p = 0.001), and storage time (p < 0.001). Interaction among these three factors was also significant (p < 0.001). Incorporation of CHX had no effect on the immediate bond strength of the three experimental adhesives (p > 0.05). After storage in artificial saliva, significant reduction in bond strength was observed in all adhesive groups, except for CHX-containing adhesive I (p < 0.001). The µTBS of the CHX-containing experimental adhesive III was significantly higher than the corresponding CHX-free adhesive (p < 0.001) after aging.
Conclusion: When incorporated into hydrophilic dental adhesives, chlorhexidine can partially reduce the degradation of the resin-dentin bonds.
Keywords: chlorhexidine, resin, dentin, longevity, degradation