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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: JAD


The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Roland Frankenberger, Prof. Bart Van Meerbeek

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988


May/June 2012
Volume 14 , Issue 3

Pages: 275 - 282
PMID: 22043473
DOI: 10.3290/j.jad.a22193
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Evaluation of a New Universal Primer for Ceramics and Alloys

Azimian, Farhad / Klosa, Karsten / Kern, Matthias

Purpose: To evaluate in vitro the effect of using a universal primer on the resin bond strength to ceramics (silicate and zirconia) and two noble alloys for metal-ceramic restorations. Materials and Methods: Disk-like specimens made of four dental restoration materials (silicate ceramic, zirconia ceramic, gold-based alloy and palladium-based alloy) were ground with abrasive paper, prepared for bonding (silicate ceramic: etching with 5% hydrofluoric acid for 60 s; the other materials: air abrasion with 50-m Al2O3 at 2.5 bar) and ultrasonically cleaned in 96% isopropanol. Eight specimens of each material were primed with a universal primer, 8 specimens were primed with a well-established material-specific method (silicate ceramic: silanization; zirconia ceramic: phosphate monomer-containing primer; alloys: sulfuric monomer-containing primer). Plexiglas tubes filled with a composite resin were bonded to the specimens using an alignment apparatus and a composite luting resin. After storage in 37C tap water for three days, or 167 days with additional thermocycling, tensile bond strength (TBS) was measured in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 2 mm/min. Results: After 167 days of storage, median TBS values for each material were (well-established method/universal primer) 40 MPa/37 MPa (silicate ceramic), 41 MPa/41 MPa (zirconia ceramic), 20 MPa/17 MPa (gold-based alloy), and 20 MPa/19 MPa (palladium-based alloy). Statistical analysis revealed no statistically significant differences among control groups and test groups. Conclusion: The universal primer seems to be a promising alternative compared to using three different primers for alloys, silicate and zirconia ceramics. Keywords: tensile bond strength, primer, zirconia ceramic, alloys, silicate ceramic

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