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Volume 16 , Issue 4
July/August 2003

Pages 403–408

Depth of Light-Initiated Polymerization of Glass Fiber–Reinforced Composite in a Simulated Root Canal

Anna-Maria Le Bell, DDS/Johanna Tanner, DDS/Lippo V. J. Lassila, DDS, MS/Ilkka Kangasniemi, PhD/Pekka K.Vallittu, DDS, PhD

PMID: 12956496

Purpose: The possibility of polymerizing glass fiber–reinforced composite (FRC) material into the root canal was preliminarily evaluated by determining the depth of light-initiated polymerization of FRC. Materials and Methods: The material used was polymerpreimpregnated E-glass fiber reinforcement, which was further impregnated with lightpolymerizable dimethacrylate monomer resin. The same resin without fiber reinforcement was used as a control. Six different lengths (range 4 to 24 mm) of lightprotected cylinders filled with the test materials were light polymerized from one end. The degree of monomer conversion was determined from the other end by FT-IR spectrometry. Infrared spectra were recorded at six time points from the beginning of polymerization. The microhardness of the test materials was measured from the lightexposure surface toward the other end of the cylinder. Results: Both groups showed a reduction in the degree of conversion with increased lengths of the cylinder. The FRC group showed a higher degree of conversion in the longest sample group compared to the resin group. Microhardness measurement confirmed the constant reduction of the degree of conversion by the reduced Vickers hardness values with increased cylinder length of the FRC. Conclusion: Generally, the glass FRC showed an almost equal degree of conversion after light curing as monomer resin without fibers. However, in the longest cylinders, FRC showed a slightly higher degree of conversion compared to resin only; this might be due to the fibers’ ability to conduct light. Int J Prosthodont 2003;16:403–408.

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