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Volume 16 , Issue 3
May/June 2003

Pages 295–300

Residual Ridge Resorption in the Edentulous Maxilla in Patients with Implant-Supported Mandibular Overdentures: An 8-Year Retrospective Study

Matthias Kreisler, DDS/Nikolaus Behneke, DDS, PhD/Alexandra Behneke, DDS, PhD/Bernd d’Hoedt, DDS, PhD

PMID: 12854795

Purpose: This retrospective study radiologically investigated alveolar bone resorption in the edentulous maxilla in patients with implant-supported mandibular overdentures. Materials and Methods: This study consisted of 35 healthy, completely edentulous patients with a mean age of 59.7 years. They had received two implants between the mental foramina. New bar-retained mandibular overdentures and maxillary complete dentures were fabricated. Standardized panoramic radiographs taken subsequent to loading and at annual recall visits for up to 8 years were measured for alveolar bone loss in the maxilla. Bone areas and areas of reference not subject to resorption were measured with a planimetry program. The proportional value between both was expressed as a ratio (R). Bone loss was expressed as a change in R between two time points. Differences in the resorption rate between the anterior and posterior parts of the maxilla were investigated. Results: Residual ridge resorption continued during the follow-up period and revealed high individual variability. With a range of 5% to 11% (median) loss in the original bone height, it was significantly (P < .031) more pronounced in the anterior than posterior maxilla (2% to 7%) from the second through eighth years. Regression analysis of the medians revealed a relatively high correlation between time and bone loss in both anterior and posterior parts of the maxilla. Conclusion: The anterior anchorage of mandibular overdentures by means of two implants and an ovoid bar was associated with slightly higher resorption in the anterior than in the posterior part of the edentulous maxilla. Int J Prosthodont 2003;16:295–300.

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