Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different ceramic surface
treatments on the tensile bond strength between IPS Empress 2 ceramic framework and
Rely X adhesive resin cement, with or without the application of a silane coupling agent.
Materials and Methods: One hundred twenty disks were made, embedded in resin, and
randomly divided into six groups: group 1 = sandblasting (100 Ám), no silanation; group 2
= sandblasting (100 Ám), silane treatment; group 3 = sandblasting (50 Ám), no silanation;
group 4 = sandblasting (50 Ám), silane treatment; group 5 = hydrofluoric acid etching, no
silanation; and group 6 = hydrofluoric acid etching, silane treatment. The disks were
bonded into pairs with adhesive resin cement. All samples were stored in distilled water at
37░C for 24 hours and then thermocycled. The samples were submitted to tensile testing.
Results: The use of silane improved the bond strength in relation to the groups in which
silane was not applied (P < .05). The most effective surface treatment was etching with
10% hydrofluoric acid, both with (25.6 MPa) and without silane application (16.4 MPa);
these values showed a statistically significant difference compared to sandblasting with 50-
and 100-Ám Al2O3. Sandblasting with 50-Ám Al2O3, with (11.8 MPa) and without silane
(5.4 MPa), demonstrated significantly higher tensile bond strength than sandblasting with
100-Ám Al2O3, with (8.3 MPa) and without silane (3.8 MPa). Conclusion: Combined
application of 10% hydrofluoric acid and silane enhanced the bond strength between the
IPS Empress 2 ceramic framework and resin agent. Int J Prosthodont 2003;16:277ľ282.