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Volume 24 , Issue 3
May/June 2011

Pages 207220

Fit of Screw-Retained Fixed Implant Frameworks Fabricated by Different Methods: A Systematic Review

Jaafar Abduo, BDS, DClinDent/Karl Lyons, BDS, MDS, FRACDS/Vincent Bennani, DDS, PhD/Neil Waddell, MDipTech, HDE/Michael Swain, BSc, PhD

PMID: 21519567

Purpose: The aim of this study was to review the published literature investigating the accuracy of fit of fixed implant frameworks fabricated using different materials and methods. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive electronic search was performed through PubMed (MEDLINE) using Boolean operators to combine key words. The search was limited to articles written in English and published through May 2010. In addition, a manual search through articles and reference lists retrieved from the electronic search and peer-reviewed journals was also conducted. Results: A total of 248 articles were retrieved, and 26 met the specified inclusion criteria for the review. The selected articles assessed the fit of fixed implant frameworks fabricated by different techniques. The investigated fabrication approaches were one-piece casting, sectioning and reconnection, spark erosion with an electric discharge machine, computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM), and framework bonding to prefabricated abutment cylinders. Conclusions: Cast noble metal frameworks have a predictable fit, and additional fit refinement treatment is not indicated in well-controlled conditions. Base metal castings do not provide a satisfactory level of fit unless additional refinement treatment is performed, such as sectioning and laser welding or spark erosion. Spark erosion, framework bonding to prefabricated abutment cylinders, and CAD/CAM have the potential to provide implant frameworks with an excellent fit; CAD/CAM is the most consistent and least technique-sensitive of these methods. Int J Prosthodont 2011;24:207220.

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