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Volume 16 , Issue 2
March/April 2003

Pages 189193

Retention, Marginal Leakage, and Cement Solubility of Provisional Crowns Cemented with Temporary Cement Containing Stannous Fluoride

Israel Lewinstein, DMD, PhD, Nitzan Fuhrer, DMD, Katerina Gelfand, DMD, Harold Cardash, BDS, LDS RCS Eng, Raphael Pilo, DMD

PMID: 12737253

Purpose: This in vitro study investigated the (1)retention and microleakage of provisional crowns cemented with temporary cements to which stannous fluoride (SnF2) was added, and (2)solubility of these cements. Materials and Methods: Provisional crowns were constructed of acrylic resin with shoulder preparations for 12 molars. The crowns were luted with Tempbond, Tempbond NE, and Freegenol temporary cements, and also with SnF2 added to these cements. Specimens were thermocycled 100 times, stored for 6 days, and immersed in 0.5% basic fuschin. Seven days after cementation, crown removal (retention) tests were conducted. Marginal leakage was assessed using a five-level scale to score dye penetration. Solubility in water of the cements with and without SnF2 was assessed using cement disks. Results: Freegenol was more retentive than the other cements. The incorporation of SnF2 significantly increased the retention capacity of Freegenol and Tempbond NE but had no effect on Tempbond. Tempbond showed significantly higher dye penetration than Freegenol. The addition of SnF2 did not alter the dye penetration of the cements. There were no significant differences in the solubility of the cements. However, the incorporation of SnF2 increased the solubility of Freegenol and Tempbond NE ( P< .001) and Tempbond ( P< .01). Conclusion: The addition of SnF2 increased the retention of temporary crowns cemented with Tempbond NE and Freegenol but did not affect the retention of those cemented with Tempbond. The marginal leakage of crowns cemented with the tested temporary cements with and without the incorporation of SnF2 was similar. However, the addition of SnF2 increased the solubility of the cements. Int J Prosthodont 2003;16:189193.

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