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Volume 16 , Issue 1
January/February 2003

Pages 82-90

Influence of Cement on a Restored Crown of a First Premolar Using Finite Element Analysis

Kaarel A. Proos, BEng, PhD, Michael V. Swain, BSc, PhD, Jim Ironside, BDS, MDS, Grant P. Steven, BSc, PhD

PMID: 12675462

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the elastic modulus of cement and luting thickness on the resulting stresses in an axially loaded crown cemented onto a first premolar. A comparison of these stresses was also made with the strength of the constituent materials making up the crown. Materials and Methods: Examination of the stresses on a restored crown was conducted using finite element analysis. Eight different axisymmetric models containing combinations of In-Ceram or gold coping, using adhesive resin or zinc phosphate cement as the luting agent, with thicknesses of either 0.05 or 0.1 mm were analyzed. Results: The peak tensile principal stresses in the porcelain remained below its material fracture strength. The same was true for the peak stress in the adhesive resin compared to its fracture and chemical bond strength. This was not the case for zinc phosphate. The influence of the luting agentís elastic modulus on the stresses in the crown was minor, and the influence of luting thickness was even less. Conclusion: The role of the luting agent was primarily one that effectively transferred the resulting stresses between the relatively stiff coping and underlying dentin. There was no evidence of the luting agent itself playing a significant

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