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Volume 16 , Issue 1
January/February 2003

Pages 59–63

Clinical Examination and Interleukin-1β Levels in Gingival Crevicular Fluid in Patients Treated with Removable Partial Dentures

Bülent Kurtis¸, DDS, PhD, Gülay Tüter, DDS, PhD, Turan Korkmaz, DDS, PhD, Ays¸egül Yücel, MD, PhD, Muhittin Serdar, MD, PhD, Gönen Özcan, DDS, PhD

PMID: 12675457

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to investigate the periodontal status and susceptibility to periodontal disease progression of the teeth in contact with removable partial dentures (RPD) and to compare them with control teeth in mouths not restored with a partial denture, by means of both clinical parameters and interleukin (IL)-1 levels in gingival crevicular fluid. Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight periodontally healthy patients were selected for the study; 14 of them were treated with mandibular Kennedy Class I RPDs, and the other 14 patients were not restored for control. Clinical periodontal measurements were assessed, and crevicular fluid samples were collected from both abutment and control teeth to determine IL-1 levels, which were measured by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay. These procedures were performed both at baseline and 9 months after the insertion of the dentures. Results: The wearing of RPDs resulted in statistically higher clinical scores and total IL-1 levels compared to the baseline examination. In contrast, no statistically significant differences were found between baseline and 9-month examinations in the control group. Conclusion: RPDs are a risk factor for periodontal disease progression because of increased plaque accumulation associated with increased total IL-1 levels and impaired clinical periodontal parameters. Int J Prosthodont 2003;16:59–63.

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