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Volume 15 , Issue 6
November/December 2002

Pages 559-563

A Survey of Cusp Fractures in a Population of General Dental Practices

Willem M. M. Fennis, DDS, Ruud H. Kuijs, DDS, Cees M. Kreulen, DDS, PhD, F. Joost M. Roeters, DDS, PhD, Nico H. J. Creugers, DDS, PhD, Rob C. W. Burgersdijk, DDS, PhD

PMID: 12475162

Purpose: This study was conducted to expand the knowledge on the incidence of complete cusp fractures of posterior teeth in Dutch general practices. Materials and Methods: During a 3-month period, data were obtained from 28 general practitioners, representing 46,394 patients. For each new case of complete cusp fracture, clinicians recorded information using a standard form with questions relating to location of the fracture, cause of fracture, and restorative status of the tooth prior to the cusp fracture. Results: There were 238 cases of complete cusp fracture recorded. The results of this study indicate an incidence rate of cusp fractures of 20.5 per 1,000 person-years at risk. Molars were more frequently registered with cusp fractures than premolars (79% vs 21%). Maxillary molars presented more fractures of buccal cusps (66% vs 34%), while mandibular molars presented more fractures of lingual cusps (75% vs 25%). Almost 77% of the cases had been restored on three or more surfaces. Statistical analysis revealed a positive correlation between history of endodontic treatment and subgingival fracture location. Mastication was most frequently reported as the cause for fracture (54%), although one can argue whether the occlusal force was the cause or the immediate reason. Conclusion: This study revealed that complete cusp fracture is a common phenomenon in dental practice and has shown differences in cusp fracture with respect to tooth type and restorative status of the tooth. Teeth with a history of endodontic treatment are susceptible to unfavorable subgingival fracture locations.

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