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Volume 15 , Issue 6
November/December 2002

Pages 528-534

Evaluation of a Newly Developed Visual Shade-Matching Apparatus

Rade D. Paravina, DDS, MS, PhD

PMID: 12475156

Purpose: This study evaluated a newly developed visual shade-matching apparatus, Shademat Visual+, as well as the influence of tab arrangement, clinician gender, and years in practice on shade-matching quality. Materials and Methods: A group of 129 colornormal evaluators—dental students and general dentists—matched the shade of four ceramometal crowns using the Vitapan Classical shade guide. Crowns were positioned onto the upper member of an artificial head and fastened to the headrest of the dental chair or Shademat Visual+. Shade tabs were arranged according to the manufacturer’s suggestion or according to E* in relation to the “lightest” tab and divided into groups (alternative arrangement). The evaluators matched the shade of four ceramometal crowns both in daylight and using the Shademat Visual+ artificial light source. The color coordinates were determined using digital image analysis. Based on E* values, each shade-matching result was ranked from 1 (the worst match) to 16 (the best match) points. Results: The evaluators achieved a better result in Shademat Visual+ trials than in daylight trials (13.2 points vs 12.4 points; P < .001). For the same ceramometal crown, 12.7 points were recorded in daylight trials with the manufacturer-suggested arrangement, and 13.7 were recorded with the alternative arrangement (P < .001). Corresponding values for Shademat Visual+ trials were 13.6 points and 14.6 points, respectively (P < .001). Female-male and student-dentist evaluator differences were not significant. Conclusion: The Shademat Visual+ apparatus enabled better shade-matching results than daylight. The alternative tab arrangement enabled better results than the manufacturer-suggested one. Gender and years in practice did not influence shade-matching quality.

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