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The International Journal of Prosthodontics

Edited by George A. Zarb, BChD, DDS, MS, MS, FRCD(C)

ISSN 0893-2174

September/October 2002
Volume 15 , Issue 5

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Changes in Translucency and Color of Particulate Filler Composite Resins

Takashi Nakamura, DDS, PhDa, Osamu Saito, DDS, PhDb, Masakazu Mizuno, DDSc, Hideaki Tanaka, DDSc

Pages: 494499
PMID: 12375467

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine changes in translucency and color of particulate filler composite resins that can be fabricated into metal-free crowns. Materials and Methods: Eight types of materials were used in this study. The particulate filler composite resins were represented by Artglass, BelleGlass, Estenia, Gradia, and Targis. Herculite XRV and Solidex were the conventional composite resins for crowns and fixed partial denture facings, and Empress was the ceramic material. Disks with a thickness of 1.0 mm were fabricated from each material and subjected to an accelerated test by immersion in 60C distilled water for up to 8 weeks. Color measurements were made before and after water immersion. Changes in translucency were evaluated by determining the contrast ratio, and changes in color were evaluated by determining color difference. Results: After water immersion, Targis and Solidex demonstrated a significant increase in contrast ratio (6% to 7%) and a decrease in translucency. A color difference of more than 2.0, a visually perceptible value, was found for Targis, Gradia, and Solidex. However, the maximum color difference for these was 3.0, a value that would be considered clinically acceptable. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the particulate filler composite resins were stable in both translucency and color. Int J Prosthodont 2002;15:494499.

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